Explainer: Communes – the building block of democratic confederalism

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Commune meeting Giresor, 17 April 2019 Communes are the most basic unit of the political system of North and East Syria. They are established in Article 48 of the Social Contract, which defines the commune system as “the essential basic…

Interview: Adil Haji Hassan, kidnapped and released for ransom by SNA in Sere Kaniye

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Adil Haji Hassan is an IDP who fled from Sere Kaniye during the Turkish invasion in October 2019. He was interviewed in Qamishlo on 8 May 2020. Syrian National Army fighters and Turkish soldiers after the invasion of Afrin, 18 March 2018 My…