On 9 October 2019, Turkey attacked border cities throughout North and East Syria (NES), with the aim of occupying the areas around Sere Kaniye and Tel Abyad. This resulted in the displacement of over 200,000 civilians and the capture and occupation of 5000KM² of land by the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) and Turkish-controlled militias.
This dossier examines the still-evolving situation six months after the invasion, on a political, military and humanitarian level. Some outcomes of the invasion have been immediately obvious, particularly in terms of their impact on the humanitarian situation in North and East Syria. Some major political shifts occurred in the first days of the invasion, with their shock- waves still unfolding. Others will take more time to fully emerge, as the balance of power in the region continues to shift and Russia and the USA jostle for position.