Syrian Kurds who escaped the Turkish incursion fear they will never be able to return
Original article by Elizabeth Hagedorn, The National, December 23, 2019
The Syrian fighters who stormed Evin’s home ripped the front door off its hinges. What they didn’t take with them, they trashed.
“They stole everything. Maybe only my clothes are left,” said Evin, a former Ras Al Ain resident who requested a pseudonym to protect her identity.
Home to a mix of Arabs, Kurds and other religious and ethnic minorities, the Syrian town of Ras Al Ain, known as Sere Kaniye in Kurdish, was overrun in October by Turkish-backed armed groups. Until recently, Evin’s Arab neighbours were sending her regular updates over the messaging service WhatsApp. They have also now fled.
“My husband and I built our home for our children, and now it’s occupied by terrorists,” she said, her eyes filling with tears.
"To escape was our only option."— Australia for UNHCR (@UNrefugees) December 23, 2019
Hadeel was forced to flee her home near the Syrian border when conflict began in October. She arrived at Bardarash Camp in Iraq with her family.
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Evin’s story is a familiar one in the sprawling Bardarash refugee camp outside the northern Iraqi city of Dohuk.
A sea of white canvas tents serve as makeshift homes for the majority of the 18,000 Syrians who have crossed into Iraq since mid-October. These refugees make up just a fraction of the more than 200,000 civilians displaced in the aftermath of Turkey’s assault on the Kurdish YPG fighters it views as terrorists.
Despite an October deal reached between Russia and Turkey to halt the bloodshed, clashes have continued in the stretch of territory between Tal Abyad and Ras Al Ain held by Turkey and its Syrian rebel proxies known as the Syrian National Army (SNA). This force, formerly branded the Free Syrian Army, consists of both moderate Syrian rebels and hardline factions.
They would terrorise the village and arrest peopleMohammed Seydo
The SNA has come under fire by rights groups for a series of videos that appear to show its fighters degrading, torturing and killing prisoners in what Amnesty International called “a shameful disregard for civilian life”.
Ankara denies such atrocities were committed by its forces.
But two months after the start of Turkey’s border operation, former residents say SNA fighters continue to terrorise their towns. A recent survey conducted by the Norwegian Refugee Council found 17 per cent of displaced Syrians in Iraq say they have no home to return to because their houses were destroyed or occupied.
“There was a fear of what might happen if they return and face Turkish-backed forces,” Alexandra Saieh, an advocacy manager with NRC in Iraq, said.
“People have to rely on second-hand information, speaking to family and friends, watching the media, to understand what’s happening inside Syria.”
Several families told The National they believed the SNA was preventing the return of non-Arabs to Ras Al Ain. Both Human Rights Watch and the activists at the Rojava Information Centre documented similar instances of residents being targeted and in some cases killed trying to re-enter the town.
“When they recognise that you are Kurdish, they will simply kill you. We were afraid that they would do the same to us,” ormer Ras Al Ain resident Nora Ossi said.
Ms Ossi and her family are new arrivals to Bardarash. Her teenage nephew is still freshly shaven and her daughter’s shoes aren’t yet covered in the yellow dirt that blankets the camp.
All three said they were too scared to return home to retrieve their belongings or check on their house. Ms Ossi said she knew of two Kurdish men who were shot trying to do so.
“My nephew wanted to go check on the house, but I didn’t let him go,” Ms Ossi said. “I told him, ‘these gunmen will kill you’.”
Kurds in the camp point to Turkey’s presence in Afrin as a harbinger of what’s to come.
The UN estimated more than 100,000 people fled after Turkish forces captured the Kurdish-majority city last year. Many who remained saw their homes seized and looted by the same rebel forces now supporting Turkey in its offensive in north-eastern Syria.
“They are not a ‘free’ army, as they call themselves. They are just mercenaries,” former Afrin resident Mohammed Seydo, who fled to Bardarash with his six-month-old daughter, said .
“They would terrorise the village and arrest people. They would tell us, ‘you are Kurdish, so you must be a PKK [Kurdistan Workers’ Party] member. You Kurds are pigs.’”
Mr Seydo, 23, said he and scores of other young men were arrested in Afrin for serving their mandatory military service in the YPG. After spending two months in prison, he and his wife sought refuge in Ras Al Ain. But soon after Turkey launched its operation in October, the family were on the move again.
Unwilling to risk a repeat of their experience in Afrin, they fled to Iraq. Mr Seydo said he had no intention of returning to Syria and hoped to get his family asylum in a European country.
“At least there are human rights in Europe,” he said.